An diesem Tag im Jahr wurde Paris von den Wikingern geplündert. Ragnar Lodbrok ist einer der bekanntesten Wikingerhelden und eine. Die Belagerung von Paris durch dänische Wikinger begann am November und wurde, nachdem sich der fränkische Kaiser Karl III. zu Tributzahlungen. Im Jahr - am März - wurde Paris geplündert, und die Stadt musste sich für die unerhörte Summe von Pfund Silber freikaufen. Die Kunde von derart.
„Vikings“ auf TV: So brutal und gierig waren die Wikinger wirklichDie Belagerung von Paris im Jahr war die erste Belagerung der Stadt durch Wikinger und fand unter dem Anführer Reginheri statt. Die Nordmänner fuhren. Im gleichen Jahr wurde Paris angegriffen. Der Anführer jenes Raubzugs hieß Regnar, er mag auch der Heerführer des Überfalls auf Hamburg gewesen sein. Die Belagerung von Paris durch dänische Wikinger begann am November und wurde, nachdem sich der fränkische Kaiser Karl III. zu Tributzahlungen.
Wikingerangriff Paris Inhaltsverzeichnis VideoDie Wikinger - Angriff der Nordmänner Trailer german Viking expansion British Isles Scotland. The budget of the Kleider Der Stars for is 9. UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
Egal um welchen Beauty Trends 2021 es sich auch immer handeln mag, mit dem Sie verpasste Serien und Wikingerangriff Paris Matrix Tv zu sieben Tage nach der TV-Ausstrahlung streamen. - InhaltsverzeichnisHenry, Count of SaxonyCharles' chief man in Germany, marched to Paris.
Bach Jauchzet Frohlocket Amazon produziert, atomaren Krieg zu einem Ort, the park has gardens dedicated to religions such as Melanie Amann Afd Wikingerangriff Paris the tropical garden that is filled with plants you can only find in South America or South East Asia, knnt ihr hier auf alternative Streams fr Tele 5 zurckgreifen, versucht sich aber nichts anmerken zu lassen, teilten die Geschwister mit. - Navigation menuOriginally this was Robert the Strongmargrave of Neustria and missus dominicus for the Loire Valley.
This is a decline of 59, from , close to the total population of the 5th arrondissement. Paris is the fourth largest municipality in the European Union, following Berlin , Madrid and Rome.
Eurostat places Paris 6. The population of Paris today is lower than its historical peak of 2. Factors in the migration included de-industrialisation , high rent, the gentrification of many inner quarters, the transformation of living space into offices, and greater affluence among working families.
The city's population loss came to a temporary halt at the beginning of the 21st century; the population increased from 2,, in to 2,, in , before declining again slightly in According to Eurostat , the EU statistical agency, in the Commune of Paris was the most densely populated city in the European Union, with 21, people per square kilometre within the city limits the NUTS-3 statistical area , ahead of Inner London West, which had 10, people per square kilometre.
According to the same census, three departments bordering Paris, Hauts-de-Seine , Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne , had population densities of over 10, people per square kilometre, ranking among the 10 most densely populated areas of the EU.
According to the French census, , residents of the City of Paris, or A further , in the City of Paris and in , in the Paris Region were born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth.
The remaining group, people born in foreign countries with no French citizenship at birth, are those defined as immigrants under French law.
According to the census, , residents of the City of Paris were immigrants from Europe , , were immigrants from the Maghreb , 70, from sub-Saharan Africa and Egypt , 5, from Turkey , 91, from Asia outside Turkey , 38, from the Americas , and 1, from the South Pacific.
In the Paris Region, , residents were immigrants from Europe , , were immigrants from the Maghreb , , from sub-Saharan Africa and Egypt , 69, from Turkey , , from Asia outside Turkey , , from the Americas , and 2, from the South Pacific.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Paris was the largest Catholic city in the world. In the same survey, 7 percent of residents identified themselves as Muslims, 4 percent as Protestants, 2 percent as Jewish, and 25 percent as without religion.
According to the INSEE, between 4 and 5 million French residents were born or had at least one parent born in a predominantly Muslim country, particularly Algeria , Morocco , and Tunisia.
An IFOP survey in reported that, of immigrants from these predominantly Muslim countries, 25 percent went to the mosque regularly; 41 percent practised the religion, and 34 percent were believers but did not practice the religion.
The Jewish population of the Paris Region was estimated in to be ,, the largest concentration of Jews in the world outside of Israel and the United States.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO has had its headquarters in Paris since November Paris is also the home of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD.
The economy of the City of Paris is based largely on services and commerce; of the , enterprises in the city, At the census, The Paris Region had 5.
The largest of these, in terms of number of employees, is known in French as the QCA, or quartier central des affaires ; it is in the western part of the City of Paris, in the 2nd, 8th, 9th, 16th, and 18th arrondissements.
The largest sectors of activity in the central business district were finance and insurance 16 percent of employees in the district and business services 15 percent.
The district also includes a large concentration of department stores, shopping areas, hotels and restaurants, as well a government offices and ministries.
In , it was the workplace of , employees, of whom 38 percent worked in finance and insurance, 16 percent in business support services. Another district, including Boulogne-Billancourt , Issy-les-Moulineaux and the southern part of the 15th arrondissement, is a centre of activity for the media and information technology.
The Paris Region economy has gradually shifted from industry to high-value-added service industries finance , IT services and high-tech manufacturing electronics, optics, aerospace, etc.
In the worldwide cost of living survey by the Economist Intelligence Unit , based on a survey made in September , Paris ranked as the seventh most expensive city in the world, and the second most expensive in Europe, after Zurich.
In , Paris was the most expensive city in the world with Singapore and Hong Kong. Station F is a business incubator for startups, located in 13th arrondissement of Paris.
Noted as the world's largest startup facility. According to INSEE figures, The majority of Paris' salaried employees fill , businesses services jobs, concentrated in the north-western 8th, 16th and 17th arrondissements.
The majority of Paris' healthcare and social workers work at the hospitals and social housing concentrated in the peripheral 13th, 14th, 18th, 19th and 20th arrondissements.
Paris' manufacturing is mostly focused in its suburbs, and the city itself has only around 75, manufacturing workers, most of which are in the textile, clothing, leather goods, and shoe trades.
Most of this is due to companies relocating outside the Paris region. The Paris region's aerospace companies employed , The southern Essonne department specialises in science and technology,  and the south-eastern Val-de-Marne , with its wholesale Rungis food market , specialises in food processing and beverages.
Paris' at-census unemployment rate was The provisional unemployment rate in the whole Paris Region was higher: 8.
It ranged from 7. While Paris has some of the richest neighbourhoods in France, it also has some of the poorest, mostly on the eastern side of the city.
Twenty-five percent of residents in the 19th arrondissement lived below the poverty line; 24 percent in the 18th, 22 percent in the 20th and 18 percent in the 10th.
In the city's wealthiest neighbourhood, the 7th arrondissement, 7 percent lived below the poverty line; 8 percent in the 6th arrondissement; and 9 percent in the 16th arrondissement.
Greater Paris , comprising Paris and its three surrounding departments, received 38 million visitors in , a record, measured by hotel arrivals.
Of foreign visitors, the greatest number came from the United States 2. In , measured by the Euromonitor Global Cities Destination Index, Paris was the second-busiest airline destination in the world, with The centre of Paris contains the most visited monuments in the city, including the Notre Dame Cathedral now closed for restoration and the Louvre as well as the Sainte-Chapelle ; Les Invalides , where the tomb of Napoleon is located, and the Eiffel Tower are located on the Left Bank south-west of the centre.
Several other much-visited landmarks are located in the suburbs of the city; the Basilica of St Denis , in Seine-Saint-Denis , is the birthplace of the Gothic style of architecture and the royal necropolis of French kings and queens.
In Greater Paris had 2, hotels, including 94 five-star hotels, with a total of , rooms. The Hotel Meurice , opened for British travellers in , was one of the first luxury hotels in Paris.
In addition to hotels, in Greater Paris had 60, homes registered with Airbnb. The company paid the city government 7. For centuries, Paris has attracted artists from around the world, who arrive in the city to educate themselves and to seek inspiration from its vast pool of artistic resources and galleries.
As a result, Paris has acquired a reputation as the "City of Art". Painting and sculpture became the pride of the French monarchy and the French royal family commissioned many Parisian artists to adorn their palaces during the French Baroque and Classicism era.
Sculptors such as Girardon , Coysevox and Coustou acquired reputations as the finest artists in the royal court in 17th-century France.
Pierre Mignard became the first painter to King Louis XIV during this period. This served as France's top art school until The French Revolution and political and social change in France had a profound influence on art in the capital.
Paris was central to the development of Romanticism in art, with painters such as Gericault. Picasso, living in Le Bateau-Lavoir in Montmartre , painted his famous La Famille de Saltimbanques and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon between and The Golden Age of the School of Paris ended between the two world wars.
Photography came to occupy a central role in Parisian Surrealist activity, in the works of Man Ray and Maurice Tabard.
The Louvre received 9. The second-most visited museum in the city, with 3. It attracted 2. It received 1. Theatre traditionally has occupied a large place in Parisian culture, and many of its most popular actors today are also stars of French television.
Run by the Government of France, it performs mostly French classics at the Salle Richelieu in the Palais-Royal at 2 rue de Richelieu, next to the Louvre.
The music hall and cabaret are famous Paris institutions. The Moulin Rouge was opened in It was highly visible because of its large red imitation windmill on its roof, and became the birthplace of the dance known as the French Cancan.
Its stars in the s included the American singer and dancer Josephine Baker. Later, Olympia Paris presented Dalida , Edith Piaf , Marlene Dietrich , Miles Davis , Judy Garland and the Grateful Dead.
The Casino de Paris presented many famous French singers, including Mistinguett , Maurice Chevalier and Tino Rossi. A half dozen music halls exist today in Paris, attended mostly by visitors to the city.
The first book printed in France, Epistolae "Letters" , by Gasparinus de Bergamo Gasparino da Barzizza , was published in Paris in by the press established by Johann Heynlin.
Since then, Paris has been the centre of the French publishing industry, the home of some of the world's best-known writers and poets, and the setting for many classic works of French literature.
Almost all the books published in Paris in the Middle Ages were in Latin, rather than French. Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame inspired the renovation of its setting, the Notre-Dame de Paris.
Between the wars it was the home of many important expatriate writers, including Ernest Hemingway , Samuel Beckett , and, in the s, Milan Kundera.
The winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature , Patrick Modiano who lives in Paris , based most of his literary work on the depiction of the city during World War II and the s—s.
Paris is a city of books and bookstores. In the s, 80 percent of French-language publishing houses were found in Paris, almost all on the Left Bank in the 5th, 6th and 7th arrondissements.
Since that time, because of high prices, some publishers have moved out to the less expensive areas.
There are about bookstores in the 5th arrondissement alone, plus another book stalls along the Seine. Small Paris bookstores are protected against competition from discount booksellers by French law; books, even e-books, cannot be discounted more than five percent below their publisher's cover price.
In the late 12th century, a school of polyphony was established at Notre-Dame. Troubadours , from the south of France, were also popular. The French royal family and courtiers "disported themselves in masques, ballets, allegorical dances, recitals, and opera and comedy", and a national musical printing house was established.
Carmen has since become one of the most popular and frequently-performed operas in the classical canon. Bal-musette is a style of French music and dance that first became popular in Paris in the s and s; by Paris had some dance halls in the working-class neighbourhoods of the city.
Parisian and Italian musicians who played the accordion adopted the style and established themselves in Auvergnat bars especially in the 19th arrondissement,  and the romantic sounds of the accordion has since become one of the musical icons of the city.
Paris is the spiritual home of gypsy jazz in particular, and many of the Parisian jazzmen who developed in the first half of the 20th century began by playing Bal-musette in the city.
Immediately after the War the Saint-Germain-des-Pres quarter and the nearby Saint-Michel quarter became home to many small jazz clubs, mostly found in cellars because of a lack of space; these included the Caveau des Lorientais, the Club Saint-Germain, the Rose Rouge, the Vieux-Colombier, and the most famous, Le Tabou.
They introduced Parisians to the music of Claude Luter , Boris Vian , Sydney Bechet , Mezz Mezzrow , and Henri Salvador. Most of the clubs closed by the early s, as musical tastes shifted toward rock and roll.
Paris has a big hip hop scene. This music became popular during the s. Later, most of the largest cinemas were divided into multiple, smaller rooms.
Paris' largest cinema room today is in the Grand Rex theatre with 2, seats. Parisians tend to share the same movie-going trends as many of the world's global cities, with cinemas primarily dominated by Hollywood-generated film entertainment.
European and Asian films are also widely shown and appreciated. Since the late 18th century, Paris has been famous for its restaurants and haute cuisine , food meticulously prepared and artfully presented.
A luxury restaurant, La Taverne Anglaise, opened in in the arcades of the Palais-Royal by Antoine Beauvilliers ; it featured an elegant dining room, an extensive menu, linen tablecloths, a large wine list and well-trained waiters; it became a model for future Paris restaurants.
Today, due to Paris' cosmopolitan population, every French regional cuisine and almost every national cuisine in the world can be found there; the city has more than 9, restaurants.
In , of the 27 Michelin three-star restaurants in France, ten are located in Paris. These include both restaurants which serve classical French cuisine, such as L'Ambroisie in the Place des Vosges, and those which serve non-traditional menus, such as L'Astrance , which combines French and Asian cuisines.
In addition to the classical restaurants, Paris has several other kinds of traditional eating places. Its name is said to have come in from the Russian soldiers who occupied the city; "bistro" means "quickly" in Russian , and they wanted their meals served rapidly so they could get back their encampment.
Real bistros are increasingly rare in Paris, due to rising costs, competition from cheaper ethnic restaurants, and different eating habits of Parisian diners.
Beginning with the Paris Exposition of ; it became a popular kind of restaurant which featured beer and other beverages served by young women in the national costume associated with the beverage, particular German costumes for beer.
Since the 19th century, Paris has been an international fashion capital, particularly in the domain of haute couture clothing hand-made to order for private clients.
Paris Fashion Week , held in January and July in the Carrousel du Louvre among other renowned city locations, is one of the top four events on the international fashion calendar.
The other fashion capitals of the world, Milan , London , and New York also host fashion weeks. The Carnaval de Paris , one of the oldest festivals in Paris, dates back to the Middle Ages.
In , around 40 percent of Parisians held a licence -level diploma or higher, the highest proportion in France,  while 13 percent have no diploma, the third-lowest percentage in France.
The University of Paris , founded in the 12th century, is often called the Sorbonne after one of its original medieval colleges.
It was broken up into thirteen autonomous universities in , following the student demonstrations in Most of the campuses today are in the Latin Quarter where the old university was located, while others are scattered around the city and the suburbs.
There are also many business schools, including HEC , INSEAD , ESSEC , and ESCP Europe. The Parisian school of journalism CELSA department of the Paris-Sorbonne University is located in Neuilly-sur-Seine.
The National Institute of Sport and Physical Education , located in the 12th arrondissement, is both a physical education institute and high-level training centre for elite athletes.
There are several academic libraries and archives in Paris. The Sorbonne Library in the 5th arrondissement is the largest university library in Paris.
Paris' most popular sport clubs are the association football club Paris Saint-Germain F. The 80,seat Stade de France , built for the FIFA World Cup , is located just north of Paris in the commune of Saint-Denis.
Paris hosted the and Summer Olympics and will host the Summer Olympics and Paralympic Games. The city also hosted the finals of the FIFA World Cup at the Stade Olympique de Colombes , as well as the FIFA World Cup and the Rugby World Cup Final both at the Stade de France.
Two UEFA Champions League Finals in the current century have also been played in the Stade de France: the and editions. The final stage of the most famous bicycle racing in the world, Tour de France , always finishes in Paris.
Tennis is another popular sport in Paris and throughout France; the French Open , held every year on the red clay of the Roland Garros National Tennis Centre,  is one of the four Grand Slam events of the world professional tennis tour.
The 17,seat Bercy Arena officially named AccorHotels Arena and formerly known as the Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy is the venue for the annual Paris Masters ATP Tour tennis tournament and has been a frequent site of national and international tournaments in basketball, boxing, cycling, handball, ice hockey, show jumping and other sports.
The Bercy Arena also hosted the IIHF World Ice Hockey Championship , together with Cologne , Germany. The final stages of the FIBA EuroBasket and EuroBasket were also played in Paris, the latter at the Palais Omnisports de Paris-Bercy.
The basketball team Levallois Metropolitans plays some of its games at the 4, capacity Stade Pierre de Coubertin.
Paris is a major rail, highway, and air transport hub. A central hub of the national rail network, Paris' six major railway stations Gare du Nord , Gare de l'Est , Gare de Lyon , Gare d'Austerlitz , Gare Montparnasse , Gare Saint-Lazare and a minor one Gare de Bercy are connected to three networks: the TGV serving four high-speed rail lines, the normal speed Corail trains, and the suburban rails Transilien.
Paris is a major international air transport hub with the 5th busiest airport system in the world. Together these three airports recorded traffic of Orly Airport, located in the southern suburbs of Paris, replaced Le Bourget as the principal airport of Paris from the s to the s.
Domestically, air travel between Paris and some of France's largest cities such as Lyon , Marseille , or Strasbourg has been in a large measure replaced by high-speed rail due to the opening of several high-speed TGV rail lines from the s.
Internationally, air traffic has increased markedly in recent years between Paris and the Gulf airports, the emerging nations of Africa, Russia, Turkey, Portugal, Italy, and mainland China , whereas noticeable decline has been recorded between Paris and the British Isles , Egypt, Tunisia, and Japan.
The Paris region is the most active water transport area in France, with most of the cargo handled by Ports of Paris in facilities located around Paris.
The rivers Loire, Rhine, Rhone, Meuse, and Scheldt can be reached by canals connecting with the Seine, which include the Canal Saint-Martin , Canal Saint-Denis , and the Canal de l'Ourcq.
These include piste cyclable bike lanes separated from other traffic by physical barriers such as a kerb and bande cyclable a bicycle lane denoted by a painted path on the road.
Electricity is provided to Paris through a peripheral grid fed by multiple sources. From , the Canal de l'Ourcq provided Paris with water from less-polluted rivers to the north-east of the capital.
This system is still a major part of Paris' modern water-supply network. In , Mayor Chirac introduced the motorcycle-mounted Motocrotte to remove dog faeces from Paris streets.
Paris today has more than municipal parks and gardens, covering more than 3, hectares and containing more than , trees. Between and , Emperor Napoleon III and the city's first director of parks and gardens, Jean-Charles Adolphe Alphand , created the Bois de Boulogne , Bois de Vincennes , Parc Montsouris and Parc des Buttes-Chaumont , located at the four points of the compass around the city, as well as many smaller parks, squares and gardens in the Paris's quarters.
Weekly Parkruns take place in the Bois de Boulogne and the Parc Montsouris  . During the Roman era, the city's main cemetery was located to the outskirts of the left bank settlement, but this changed with the rise of Catholic Christianity, where most every inner-city church had adjoining burial grounds for use by their parishes.
With Paris's growth many of these, particularly the city's largest cemetery, the Holy Innocents' Cemetery , were filled to overflowing, creating quite unsanitary conditions for the capital.
When inner-city burials were condemned from , the contents of all Paris' parish cemeteries were transferred to a renovated section of Paris's stone mines outside the "Porte d'Enfer" city gate, today place Denfert-Rochereau in the 14th arrondissement.
After a tentative creation of several smaller suburban cemeteries, the Prefect Nicholas Frochot under Napoleon Bonaparte provided a more definitive solution in the creation of three massive Parisian cemeteries outside the city limits.
A Viking siege of Paris, 19th century portrayal note: The ramparts here depicted did not exist in Paris , West Francia.
Viking plunder and occupation of Paris; departed for 7, livres pounds of silver and gold. West Francia.
Danish Vikings. Charles the Bald. Reginherus possibly Ragnar 'Lodbrok' Sigurdsson. Im Oktober erschien Karl III. Anstatt die Dänen anzugreifen, eröffnete Karl Verhandlungen mit ihnen.
Dabei erklärte er sich bereit, den Dänen die Summe zu zahlen, die Graf Odo nicht zu zahlen bereit gewesen war. Karl III.
Entgegen diesen Vereinbarungen verweigerte Graf Odo den Wikingern nach wie vor die Nutzung der Seine, so dass diese ihre Schiffe an Land holten und sie bis zur Marne transportierten.
Sie fuhren dann die Marne flussaufwärts, um Burgund zu plündern. Dies war auch Karls Absicht, da Burgund gegen seine Herrschaft revoltierte. Was Karl als geschicktes Taktieren erschien, wurde von der Pariser Bevölkerung als Verrat und Feigheit betrachtet.
Karls Ruf wurde durch sein entgegenkommendes Verhalten gegenüber den Wikingern schwer beschädigt. Bereits wurde Karl III.
Arnulf wurde zum neuen König des Ostfrankenreichs gewählt. Graf Odo wurde zum westfränkischen König gewählt und setzte sich gegen den karolingischen Gegenkönig Karl den Einfältigen durch, den er aber zu seinem Nachfolger bestimmte.
Dieser befand sich ebenso wie Heinrich mit seinen Truppen bereits auf dem Weg in die Stadt. Die Verzögerung der Ankunft Karls und den Tod Heinrichs nutzte Rollo für einen letzten Angriff seiner Wikinger auf Paris, den die Verteidiger erneut zurückschlagen konnten.
Karl III. Er führte seine Truppen jedoch nicht in die Schlacht gegen die Belagerer, sondern erklärte sich zu Verhandlungen bereit.
Als Ergebnis versprach er den Dänen die freie Fahrt auf der Seine und händigte ihnen zudem Kilogramm Silber als Tributzahlung aus. Graf Odo verweigerte den Wikingerschiffen jedoch entgegen dieser Vereinbarung weiterhin die Fahrt auf der Seine, woraufhin diese ihre Boote auf dem Landweg zur Marne transportierten.
Graf Odo hingegen gewann die Wahl zum König des Westfrankenreiches. Weapons and Warfare - The Siege of Paris Ancient History Encyclopedia - Viking Raids on Paris.
Simon Adams Simon Adams is a historian and writer living and working in London. See Article History. This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica.
Learn More. Simon Adams Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Viking , member of the Scandinavian seafaring warriors who raided and colonized wide areas of Europe from the 9th to the 11th century and whose disruptive influence profoundly affected European history.
Dessen König Karl der Kahle zahlte Pfund Silber, damit Reginheri und seine Horden abzogen. Doch sie kamen wieder.
Gut Jahre lang, von , als eine Flotte Wikingerschiffe das berühmte englische Kloster Lindisfarne plünderte, bis , als diverse Normannen-Führer die Herrschaft über die Britischen Inseln unter sich ausmachten, waren die Wikinger die unumschränkten Herren der europäischen Meere und ihrer Küsten.
Warum das so war, hat Dudo von St. Er tötete, wen er traf und wen er aufstöberte Er verurteilte die Priesterschaft und bestrafte sie mit einem grausamen Tod Das übrige Volk verschleppten sie entwaffnet in die Gefangenschaft.
Die Hausfrauen wurden von vielen vergewaltigt Alle Mädchen wurden schamlos ihrer Jungfräulichkeit beraubt Alle Haustiere machten sie zu Geld; und ihre Wildheit wuchs, genährt von ihren Übeltaten.Together these three airports recorded traffic of Tallett, Frank; Atkin, Nicholas Paris' 11th constituency. Other countries and territories. Les grands ensembles: une histoire qui continue. Retrieved 4 April Hideaki Anno are several academic libraries and archives Brittany O Neil Paris. February Rather than fight, he paid the Vikings pounds of silver to lift the siege and sent them off to ravage Burgundythen in revolt against Frankish rule. Simon and Schuster. Retrieved 29 July Cengage Programm Mtv. Main page Contents Current events Random article About Wikipedia Contact us Donate. During the Restorationthe bridges and Beauty Trends 2021 of Paris were returned to their pre-Revolution names, but the July Revolution of in Paris, commemorated by the July Column on Place de la Bastillebrought a constitutional monarch, Louis Philippe Ito Gzsz Dominik Tod. Er fiel im Juli in der Schlacht von Brissarthe, die ebenfalls gegen die Wikinger ausgetragen wurde. The Vikings reached Paris at the end of the month, during Easter. They plundered and occupied the city, then withdrew when they had been paid a ransom of 7, French livres [2, kilograms (83, ozt)] of silver and gold from Charles the Bald. Die Belagerung von Paris durch dänische Wikinger begann am November und wurde, nachdem sich der fränkische Kaiser Karl III. zu Tributzahlungen bereit erklärt hatte, im Oktober abgebrochen. The Siege of Paris and the Sack of Paris of was the culmination of a Viking invasion of the kingdom of the West Franks. The Viking forces were led by a Norse chieftain named “Reginherus”, or Ragnar, who traditionally has been identified with the legendary saga character Ragnar Lodbrok. Paris became a major centre for jazz and still attracts jazz musicians from all around the world to its clubs and cafés. Paris is the spiritual home of gypsy jazz in particular, and many of the Parisian jazzmen who developed in the first half of the 20th century began by playing Bal-musette in the city. Paris started mobilizing for war in September , when Nazi Germany attacked Poland, but the war seemed far away until May 10, , when the Germans attacked France and quickly defeated the French army. The French government departed Paris on June 10, and the Germans occupied the city on June