Die intensiv grünen Stufen und die umgebende imposante Kordillere bilden eine wunderschöne Landschaft, die alle Erwartungen übertrifft. Machu Picchu ist. Finden Sie die am besten bewerteten Touren und Aktivitäten in Machu Picchu für Mit allen Informationen von Preisen und Zeiten bis hin zu Tickets ohne. Die Stadt der Inka. Auf einer Bergspitze, mitten in den Anden, Meter hoch liegt die antike Stadt Machu Picchu. Ihr Anblick ist beeindruckend und lockt.
Machu Picchu: Die verlorene und geheimnisvolle Stadt der InkaFinden Sie die am besten bewerteten Touren und Aktivitäten in Machu Picchu für Mit allen Informationen von Preisen und Zeiten bis hin zu Tickets ohne. Ihr Ausflug nach Machu Picchu wird zu einem echten Abenteuer mit dieser Tour über 4 Tage und 3 Nächte, vollgepackt mit tollen Aktivitäten wie Radfahren. Machu Picchu [ˌmɑtʃu ˈpiktʃu] (Quechua Machu Pikchu, deutsch alter Gipfel) ist eine gut erhaltene Ruinenstadt in Peru. Die Inka erbauten die Stadt im
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Machu Picchu Facts. Archaeologists estimate that approximately people could have lived in the area, though many theorize it was most likely a retreat for Incan rulers.
Separated into three areas - agricultural, urban, and religious - the structures are arranged so that the function of the buildings matches the form of their surroundings.
The agricultural terracing and aqueducts take advantage of the natural slopes; the lower areas contain buildings occupied by farmers and teachers, and the most important religious areas are located at the crest of the hill, overlooking the lush Urubamba Valley thousands of feet below.
Smaller numbers of visitors arrive by hiking the Inca Trail. It is composed of several thousand stone-cut steps, numerous high retaining walls, tunnels, and other feats of classical engineering; the route traverses a wide range of elevations between about 8, and 13, feet 2, and 4, metres , and it is lined with Inca ruins of various types and sizes.
At Machu Picchu there is a hotel with a restaurant, and thermal baths are at the nearby village of Aguas Calientes.
The Inca Bridge and other parts of Machu Picchu were damaged by a forest fire in August , but restoration was begun immediately afterward.
Concern for the damage caused by tourism was heightened by discussion of the building of a cable-car link to the site.
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Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. In addition to the ruins, the sanctuary includes a large portion of the adjoining region, rich with the flora and fauna of the Peruvian Yungas and Central Andean wet puna ecoregions.
In , UNESCO designated Machu Picchu a World Heritage site , describing it as "an absolute masterpiece of architecture and a unique testimony to the Inca civilization".
Bingham was a lecturer at Yale University , although not a trained archaeologist. He organized the Yale Peruvian Expedition in part to search for the Inca capital, which was thought to be the city of Vitcos.
In particular, Ramos thought Vitcos was "near a great white rock over a spring of fresh water. According to Bingham, "one old prospector said there were interesting ruins at Machu Picchu," though his statements "were given no importance by the leading citizens.
Armed with this information the expedition went down the Urubamba River. En route, Bingham asked local people to show them Inca ruins, especially any place described as having a white rock over a spring.
At Mandor Pampa, Bingham asked farmer and innkeeper Melchor Arteaga if he knew of any nearby ruins. Arteaga said he knew of excellent ruins on the top of Huayna Picchu.
At the top of the mountain, they came across a small hut occupied by a couple of Quechua , Richard and Alvarez, who were farming some of the original Machu Picchu agricultural terraces that they had cleared four years earlier.
Alvarez's year-old son, Pablito, led Bingham along the ridge to the main ruins. The ruins were mostly covered with vegetation except for the cleared agricultural terraces and clearings used by the farmers as vegetable gardens.
Because of the vegetation, Bingham was not able to observe the full extent of the site. He took preliminary notes, measurements, and photographs, noting the fine quality of Inca stonework of several principal buildings.
Bingham was unclear about the original purpose of the ruins, but decided that there was no indication that it matched the description of Vitcos.
The expedition continued down the Urubamba and up the Vilcabamba Rivers examining all the ruins they could find. Guided by locals, Bingham rediscovered and correctly identified the site of the old Inca capital, Vitcos then called Rosaspata , and the nearby temple of Chuquipalta.
In , Gene Savoy further explored the ruins at Espiritu Pampa and revealed the full extent of the site, identifying it as Vilcabamba Viejo, where the Incas fled after the Spanish drove them from Vitcos.
Bingham returned to Machu Picchu in under the sponsorship of Yale University and National Geographic again and with the full support of Peruvian President Leguia.
The expedition undertook a four-month clearing of the site with local labour, which was expedited with the support of the Prefect of Cuzco.
Excavation started in with further excavation undertaken in and Bingham focused on Machu Picchu because of its fine Inca stonework and well-preserved nature, which had lain undisturbed since the site was abandoned.
None of Bingham's several hypotheses explaining the site held up. During his studies, he carried various artifacts back to Yale. One prominent artifact was a set of 15th-century, ceremonial Incan knives made from bismuth bronze ; they are the earliest known artifact containing this alloy.
Although local institutions initially welcomed the exploration, they soon accused Bingham of legal and cultural malpractice.
In fact, Bingham removed many artifacts, but openly and legally; they were deposited in the Yale University Museum.
Bingham was abiding by the Civil Code of Peru; the code stated that "archaeological finds generally belonged to the discoverer, except when they had been discovered on private land.
Little information describes human sacrifices at Machu Picchu, though many sacrifices were never given a proper burial, and their skeletal remains succumbed to the elements.
The tradition is upheld by members of the New Age Andean religion. Machu Picchu lies in the southern hemisphere , It is one of the most important archaeological sites in South America, one of the most visited tourist attractions in Latin America  and the most visited in Peru.
Machu Picchu features wet humid summers and dry frosty winters, with the majority of the annual rain falling from October through to March.
The area is subject to morning mists rising from the river. The Inca Bridge , an Inca grass rope bridge , across the Urubamba River in the Pongo de Mainique , provided a secret entrance for the Inca army.
The city sits in a saddle between the two mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu,  with a commanding view down two valleys and a nearly impassable mountain at its back.
It has a water supply from springs that cannot be blocked easily. The hillsides leading to it were terraced, to provide more farmland to grow crops and to steepen the slopes that invaders would have to ascend.
The terraces reduced soil erosion and protected against landslides. Both could be blocked easily, should invaders approach along them.
Machu Picchu and other sites in the area are built over earthquake faults. The site is roughly divided into an urban sector and an agricultural sector, and into an upper town and a lower town.
The temples are in the upper town, the warehouses in the lower. The architecture is adapted to the mountains.
Approximately buildings are arranged on wide parallel terraces around an east—west central square. The various compounds, called kanchas , are long and narrow in order to exploit the terrain.
Sophisticated channeling systems provided irrigation for the fields. Stone stairways set in the walls allowed access to the different levels across the site.
The eastern section of the city was probably residential. The western, separated by the square, was for religious and ceremonial purposes.
Located in the first zone are the primary archaeological treasures: the Intihuatana , the Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows.
These were dedicated to Inti , their sun god and greatest deity. The Popular District, or Residential District, is the place where the lower-class people lived.
It includes storage buildings and simple houses. The Monumental Mausoleum is a carved statue with a vaulted interior and carved drawings.
It was used for rites or sacrifices. The Guardhouse is a three-sided building, with one of its long sides opening onto the Terrace of the Ceremonial Rock.
The three-sided style of Inca architecture is known as the wayrona style. In and , the University of Arkansas made detailed laser scans of the entire site and of the ruins at the top of the adjacent Huayna Picchu mountain.
The scan data is available online for research purposes. This semicircular temple is built on the same rock overlying Bingham's "Royal Mausoleum", and is similar to the Temple of the Sun found in Cusco and the Temple of the Sun found in Pisac , in having what Bingham described as a "parabolic enclosure wall".
The stonework is of ashlar quality.